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tv   Journal  KCSMMHZ  March 19, 2013 2:30pm-3:00pm PDT

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>> live from the dw studios in berlin, this is." -- this is the "journal." >> lawmakers in cyprus overwhelmingly reject a tax on savings. >> in syria, the government and rebels trade accusations of using chemical weapons in a village near aleppo. >> pope francis officially begins his papacy in rome with a
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promise to embrace the whole of humanity. >> in a vote expected to have wide ranging consequences, lawmakers in cyprus have delivered a decisive and overwhelming note to a government tax to lead the bank accounts. >> that means government cash for pensions, welfare, and health care could dry up as early as may. parliament voted less than an hour ago, following to be would days of high drama, handing the government and brussels a resounding defeat with no delegates voting in favor of the plan. 36 no votes and 19 abstentions. >> the house speaker had urged mp's to say no to blackmail in the vote on the bureau's own bailout package. his words clearly catching the
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angry mood in the chambers and on the streets. outside the parliament building, angry crowds also called for a no vote and held up signs, warning that other nations like italy and spain could be next in line. for the latest, let's cross over now live to our correspondent. nathan, this is a resounding defeat for the government. does this mean that there will be no bailout for cypress? >> as it stands, yes, that is what it means because they have not accepted the bill, even an amended bill. we are now hearing of a plan b. we did not know what that is, but in answer to your question, there will be no bail out, certainly not at the moment. we understand the president will hold meetings with party leaders tomorrow morning. he will speak with chancellor angela merkel later on this evening, and we also learned that the finance minister is now
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in moscow. he will have talks with the russian finance minister at 9:00 a.m. tomorrow morning, and local media over the past half hour are speculating that plan b could involve moscow. >> what about the sentiment behind this vote outside of anger? >> cypresus saw itself as being bullied. they said, cassette and we are small, but we are tough." i have been listening to some of the reaction outside parliament. they feel they have been stabbed in the back by the you. there was no solidarity. even the speaker mentioned in the house tonight, they got a bad hand, and they do not care what consequences. the feeling we're getting is they will simply not be dictated to. it is simply a remarkable situation because we simply do not know what happens next. the only thing we do know is
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that banks will remain closed tomorrow, possibly on thursday. then we have to see what happens. really, the ball has been bounced back from nicosia to brussels, so i imagine there will be some response from brussels this evening. >> thank you so much. as nathan mentioned, the ball is now in brussels. let's go there now and check in with our correspondent. nina, what are you hearing? is there a sense in brussels that the vote is a rebuke for its approach to indented eurozone countries? >> we do not have the official response yet to the outcome of the vote in a separate parliament, but i imagine that people here -- hear and see the vote as kind of a surprise that even the people who negotiated the deal back on friday with the finance ministers have not abstained, but it does come as a surprise because negotiations
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worked long and hard. it was entirely up to the separate government to determine how they could chip in their share of that bank rescue plan. european partners said, "we will give you money, but you also have to contribute something because we want to make sure you are in a position to pay back your debts. we cannot just give you in less amounts of money that you will not be able to pay back." it was the decision of the cypriot government to get the deposits of small investors as well. they could, as well, have targeted rich investors, of which they have plenty. everybody knows that. cyprus was a country that benefited from a financial system that was favorable to rich investors, so i guess the reaction will be one of astonishment, of course, one of a sense of crisis that is getting deeper and deeper because solidarity is being
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questioned, but many people in the last couple of days have said, "we do have to ask ourselves the question -- is cypress even a relevant country, and how can we justify investing european tax payer money into helping separate banks -- cyprian banks that have had a very good system they have been running with very and little supervision?" >> a lot of good questions that need answering. thank you very much. let's take a look at market reaction. european shares fell further amid the ongoing uncertainty about just how the separate bailout debacle would be resolved -- the cypriot bailout debacle would be resolved. we have this summary of trading action at the frankfurt stock exchange. >> what is happening with cypress was the outcome of this drama -- what is happening with cypress -- with cyprus. traders did not exclude any more
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the bankruptcy of this country, putting pressure a second day on the german market, but investors also got a little relief from positive data. the economic index of german investors rose to the highest level in almost three years. spain could easily collect fresh money at the lowest interest rate since the beginning of the euro crisis. the problems in cyprus did not spread yet to other countries. analyst day in frankfurt for a closer look at tuesday's numbers. the dax finished down by nearly 0.8%. -- >> we stay in frankfurt. europe stoxx 50 down by 0.25%. on wall street this hour, the dow down by nearly 0.3%. the euro trading at a value of $1.2860. >> in other news today, syria's main opposition has elected a head for an interim government they hope will be formed within
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a month. >> the u.s.-educated i.t. executive was chosen by a majority of national coalition members in istanbul. in his first speech, he ruled out dialogue with the shock assad's regime. government troops and rebel fighters are blaming each other for a chemical attack near the northern city of aleppo -- dialogue with bashar alabama assad's regime. >> they accuse rebel fighters of launching a missile containing poisonous gases. the information minister said this type of weapon was prohibited under international law. >> so far, we have 16 martyrs and 86 wounded. most of them are in critical condition. the chemical contained in the missile causes immediate fainting, convulsion, and that.
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>> in istanbul, syria's main opposition group said they were looking at the attack rejected allegations that rebels were involved. we also know the rebels do not have access to chemical weapons. they would not have access to the means of launching these kind of chemical weapons. >> we have no details yet. we are against using chemical weapons from any side. i am not expecting the revolutionaries to do that, but we are against anyone who would use it. member for now, the reports cannot be independently verified due to tight media restrictions -- >> for now, the reports cannot be independently verified. if confirmed, a to be the first use of chemical weapons in syria's two-year long civil war. >> syrian opposition groups have been meeting to elect an interim government. more on that in a minute, but it is clear that an attack using chemical weapons has occurred, but both sides deny
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responsibility. we heard comments from istanbul. what can you tell us? emma the syrian opposition standing by their position that they were not responsible for this chemical attack, and even if they did have chemical weapons, they would never use them, but the syrian regime on the other side are also standing firm. it is interesting that both sides do seem to agree that chemical weapons had been used. a united nations' watchdog has also said that they have not received any concrete confirmation that the weapons have been used. moscow is strongly backing the regime version. the u.s. seemed to be far more cautious. i think there is a growing concern that if chemical weapons had been used, then they would be expected to act. they would be very concerned about having to do with it, but
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having said that, there does seem to be growing evidence that some sort of missile has occurred, which will cause a great deal of alarm because the syrian regime has a stockpile of some of the most deadliest chemical weapons in the world. >> at the istanbul meeting, the syrian opposition has been establishing an interim government. they have elected their new prime minister. what happens next? >> he has been addressing the media. also crucially, he said that the interim government he is working on will be operating inside syria. the key question is how this large number of various syrian rebel groups will be referred to with the use of authority? some of them have been extremely critical of the opposition groups outside of syria. >> thank you very much.
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as iraq marks 10 years since the u.s.-led invasion, the country has experienced a spike in deadly attacks. >> in the capital, baghdad, for example, it was hit by a series of coordinated bombings with more than 50 people killed and dozens wounded. >> iraq continues to be plagued by violence between sunni and shiite muslims. >> the first blast struck during morning traffic. over a dozen explosions followed in and around baghdad over the next two hours. the attacks targeted mostly there was no immediate claim of responsibility, but many suspect the bombings were the work of sunni militants. the targets included a police base, a restaurant, and a crowded market. >> there is a checkpoint at the main gate, but they do not search anybody. the car just came here and
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parked. then it blew up and killed people. >> bombs have been a part of daily life in iraq since the u.s.-led invasion 10 years ago. after air attacks on baghdad, ground forces established control over the country within weeks, bringing down the regime of saddam hussein. the seemingly quick success prompted u.s. president george w. bush to proclaim "mission accomplished," but the post proved premature. violence and terror followed as a rat descended into fighting. the tolls are down from the height of the conflict, but since u.s. troops left in 2011, the turmoil has been worsening again. iraq's minority sunnis feel increasingly marginalized by the shiite-led government. the government postponed regional elections in two
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provinces on tuesday, pointing to security concerns. >> let's take a quick look at some other stories making news at this hour. power has now been restored to two fuel storage pools at japan's tsunami damaged nuclear plant, but two others have been without fresh cooling water for more than a day, raising new concerns about safety. >> zimbabwe's electoral commission says referendum on a new constitution has passed by a landslide with a yes vote of about 95%. the new charter would limit the powers of president robert mugabe and pave the way for new elections. >> at least 37 people have been killed in about -- and about a dozen injured in a bus crash in western india. the driver apparently lost control of the vehicle on a bridge.
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we are going to a short break. when we come back, the new pope says he wants to embrace humanity. we will talk to a vatican observer about what that means. stay with us.
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>> welcome back. in rome, pope francis i has vowed to embrace the poorest of humanity, that from an inaugural mass. the argentine pulp was a voice for the poor during his homeland's devastating economic crisis in 2001 -- the argentine pope. >> vatican observers now expect him to strive to win over non- catholics to the church's teaching on issues like euthanasia and abortion. >> a sea of well-wishers from all over the world surrounded pope francis as he arrived in
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st. peter's square. the pontiff spent nearly half an hour touring the square before the official ceremony began, frequently stopping to greet the crowds. at one point, he spotted a disabled man and got down from his jeep to give a blessing. it was a gesture from a man whose short abc is already becoming defined by rare spontaneity. the ceremony began inside st. peter's basilica where the pope prayed at the tomb of saint peter. the head of the orthodox church, patriarch bartholomew, was also there. he is the first patriarch to attend a papal inauguration in nearly one dozen years, underlying hopes for increased ecumenical cooperation. then back up to the crowds where the pope was presented with the
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fisherman's ring, symbolizing the papacy. with that, he was officially inaugurated as the 266 pope. later in his homily, the pope urged the faithful to care for others. then he said that the authentic power of leadership was in service to others. "the pope must be inspired by the hubble, concrete, and a full-service, which marked st. joseph, and like him, he must open his arms to embrace all the people and agrees with tender affection the whole of humanity, especially the poorest, the weakest, the least important." the inauguration was attended by numerous world leaders and vip's. after the mass, francis spent time talking with each of them individually, beginning with
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president francisco -- fernandez from his native argentina. chancellor angela merkel was also there along with other eu leaders and a delegation from the e you. up to 200,000 people are estimated to have at the square for the inauguration of what many are hoping will be a very different pope. >> well, will he be that indeed? for more, we are joined by a religious affairs correspondent for us here at dw. welcome, margin. pope francis was a voice for the dispossessed in argentina during its economic crisis. as indicated, he will reach out to those suffering the effects of the eurozone crisis. do you think he will do that? >> i think he will. at least a clear proclivity from the last pope, which is clear and steady opposition to american-type of libertarian economics and what he calls mercantilism -- this will not change. i think it will be emphasized,
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and it will happen probably in the context of europe, which right now gives him a great opportunity to project the message. >> big hopes, big expectations he will be able to reform the vatican hierarchy and finally get a grip on the sex scandals within the church. how reasonable are these expectations? >> not very reasonable. i think the problem is very ingrained. a lot of power, akeley vatican bank, which has an extreme amount of power, and the question is what kind of political muscle he has. at this point, we know he is incredibly efficient in matters of pr. the campaign is rolling in from our very eyes, and you could think about how differently would think about the vatican from last week to this week, but it is not clear yet that he has the political muscle to really affect or reform as is needed. >> the church has been engaged in a dialogue with other faiths, judaism and islam.
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will he continue the approach of his predecessors? >> i think he will deepen this trend, and a thing -- i think it is something he has done in argentina and you will see across the board now. so, yes. >> thanks very much. barack obama is set to arrive in israel on wednesday. it will be his first official visit as u.s. president. israel and the u.s. are, of course, close allies, but obama did not travel to the country during his first term. >> that decision was widely considered a snub of israel, and many israelis view the u.s. leader with a bit of skepticism. winning over public opinion is a top priority on this trip along with the stalled middle east peace process and iran's nuclear peace program. >> the white house is on a charm offensive. last week, barack obama spoke on israeli television, addressing directly some of israel's concerns. > i have been crystal clear about my position on iran possessing a nuclear weapon --
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that is a red line for us. it is something that would not only be dangerous for israel but would be dangerous for the world, dangerous for u.s. national security interests. >> in washington, it is no secret that obama does not have a good relationship with israel's prime minister, benjamin netanyahu. even if they put on a united front in public, as here in washington last year. >> they have fundamentally different views of how to advance peace in the area. the president started off by pressuring israel to make concessions, and israel, understandably, resisted and resented, and it has been like that for the last four years, unfortunately. >> israel looks to the u.s. to safeguard its very existence. republicans are quick to point out that while obama visited egypt during his first term, he never went to israel. they accuse the president of pandering more to the muslim world than to washington's key
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ally, but not all analysts agree. emma this administration has been a very close ally in terms of security cooperation, as well as strategic dialogue. the israelis and americans are very closely coordinated on important issues, although there are disagreements. >> obama will seek to resolve the peace process between israelis and palestinians during his visit, but back home in washington, very few people are expecting a breakthrough anytime soon. >> back to the middle east, where egypt's justice minister has warned that the lynching of criminals in the streets by angry citizens signals cassette in the death of the state." the comments came after suspected thieves were beaten and hanged by an angry mob in a rural village in egypt. bamut egypt's opposition blames the government for the failure to restore law and order in the country. it says police are using torture in the very same way as the regime of ousted president hosni
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mubarak. >> police brutality on the streets of cairo. videos all shot this year show police clubbing demonstrators, kicking them unconscious. sometimes after stripping them naked. outside cairo, stretches of green farmland separate the concrete jungle of the capitol from nearby commuter towns. this lawyer works with a number of victims of state torture, and that number is growing. her laptop and her work stay with her at all times. >> i feel like a doctor examining patients. there is no place for emotions. before, i used to let it all get to me. i almost went to pieces. now, even if the stories are horrible, i try to keep my feelings under control.
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>> this town on the outskirts of cairo is home to working-class and middle-class families and to many tahrir square protesters. last may, this 20-year-old was arrested by security forces at a demonstration. he was locked away for six months. since he got out, he has needed sedatives to cope. he takes other medications to sleep. like most victims of torture, he is scarred for life by his experiences. in prison, he was beaten for months. he was forced to crawl through human excrement, but that is not the worst. >> did they violate you with a stick? >> yes. >> for how long? five minutes? 15? a half-hour? an hour? >> he, uh --
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they told me i would never feel anything like dignity again. they said i would never protest again or raise my voice. unfortunately, i have to say, they were very successful. >> right after egypt's revolution, the human rights situation improved at first, but since last summer, stories like this have become more frequent. systematic torture has been reported in nearly every prison. >> for about six months now, we've observed more and more demonstrators being tortured. >> the situation has gotten worse, especially in the last two months. what that means is both the frequency and the brutality of the torture have increased in cairo and alexandria. we are also seeing a rise in sexual torture. >> at a cafe, he meets up with
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other young demonstrators. despite his trauma, he says he is not ready to give up the fight yet. together, these young people have started to protest group. they say things are even worse now than they were under the old mubarak dictatorship. the name of the group is "we are not afraid." >> finally some soccer news for you. former english striker michael owen has announced he will be retiring at the end of the season. >> he is 33 years old. he scored 40 times in 89 appearances. thanks so much for joining us. stay with us for more news at the top of the our. captioned by the national captioning institute
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